Partial photothermal effect: Replace plastic surgery

For those who are looking for alternative surgical methods, a good option has emerged-photothermal therapy, which can eliminate obvious skin defects and age-related changes. What is the nature of the procedure, indications, contraindications, things that must be considered during recovery and other interesting facts that you will find in our article.

frakizonny laser facial skin rejuvenation

What is the principle of the technology

The fractional laser skin rejuvenation procedure for facial skin and other parts of the body was developed in 2004 and involves creating separate areas on the skin, processing them with a high-temperature laser beam, and bordering the entire area. Because of these unaffected areas, the epidermal surface quickly begins to recover.

Part of the pyrolysis device has been improved, which can change the energy of the laser beam and the characteristics of the micro-heat zone (the treatment area of the skin). Therefore, the program helps to complete various tasks in the field of beauty.

Part of the photothermal effect is to use microscopic beams of laser radiation, which are precisely directed to the problem areas of the epidermis.

This kind of irradiation raises the temperature of various areas on the skin surface and the dermis itself, which in turn causes the intercellular fluid to heat up and cell destruction. These processes activate all repair and regeneration mechanisms, promote the synthesis of hyaluronic acid, collagen fibers, and the subsequent appearance of new epithelial cells, thereby increasing epidermal density and smoothing wrinkles.

The surface layer of the skin recovered within 2 days, and the damaged cells were completely shed within 2 weeks.

Due to the spot laser effect on the skin, healthy and intact cells are retained, which is the main source of the emergence of new epithelial structures.

Since the melanocytes are not destroyed, but are redistributed to make the skin color uniform, one of the major advantages of this procedure is that it eliminates the formation of pigmentation in dark-skinned people.

The main advantages of the technology

Dermatologists have identified many advantages of partial photopyrolysis, including:

  • Minimal side effects and operational safety;
  • There is no puncture on the surface of the skin, and it is impossible to contract dangerous infections (HIV, hepatitis, and others) during treatment;
  • The patient's comfortable conditions and the convenience of the beautician to perform the procedure;
  • Ability to select individual leather processing procedures for each customer;
  • Lack of pain
  • Possibility of targeted impact on the epidermal area with obvious defects;
  • There are no contraindications for people with any type of pigmentation;
  • The operation efficiency is high, and it is not restricted by age;
  • The recovery period is short.
Photos before and after fractional laser rejuvenation

Whose program is recommended?

Part of the pyrolysis technology is shown to all people with such problems/defects on the skin surface:

  • Age-related epidermal changes;
  • There are deep wrinkles and folds;
  • Pigment spots of various sizes and formation properties;
  • Mimic wrinkles, including the eyelid area;
  • Excessive enlargement of pores;
  • Acne and the consequences of acne;
  • Scars, scars, uneven relief.

When the technique is not implemented

Not everyone can perform this operation because of the following contraindications:

  • During pregnancy and breastfeeding;
  • There is a tumor process in the body;
  • epilepsy;
  • Long-term use of antibiotics, glucocorticoids, cytostatics, immunosuppressants;
  • Taking retinoid drugs (precursors of vitamin A);
  • Rough keloid scars on the skin (for example, severe burns, after surgery), indicating low regeneration capacity;
  • Periods of exacerbation of psoriasis;
  • Acute infectious, fungal and viral lesions, especially those in the acute phase.

The conditions listed above are related to the slow recovery of the skin, and may also be accompanied by the formation of scars, the risk of infection, and serious complications.

Sequence of operations

This procedure must be performed by a beautician with the appropriate diploma and license.

Two weeks before the scheduled course of treatment, it is necessary to stop using drugs that damage the surface epithelium (peel, scrub).

Drugs containing retinol, salicylic acid and glycolic acid cannot be used temporarily. The meeting proceeded as follows:

  1. Initially, the beautician cleans the skin surface of the patient's face with a cotton pad, and then applies an anesthetic cream containing an anesthetic.
  2. Then apply a layer of ointment on the epidermis to make the attachment of the device easier to slide.
  3. In addition, part of the photothermal decomposition process begins, which includes exposing the skin to the laser beam generated by the nozzle of the device. The treatment proceeded along the target grid and was accompanied by a slight tingling sensation in the epidermis. The duration of the operation depends on the area of the treatment area, about half an hour.

If the operation is performed on the Fraxel device, then it can be performed in 4 modes, the difference being the different penetration depths of the laser beam under the skin surface:

  1. Fine-with a gentle surface effect, it is very suitable for repairing the skin of the eyelids and other sensitive and thin skin areas.
  2. Repair-Affect the dermal structure and trigger the regeneration of the entire inner layer of the skin. It helps to remove large pores, spider veins, deep wrinkles and scars.
  3. Recovery is the most popular treatment for superficial wrinkles, minor acne scars, and initial age-related changes.
  4. Since both thulium and erbium lasers are used at the same time, Restore Dual is a dual operation mode that can be safely used for all defects.

Go through 3-8 sessions in a month to get the most results. The doctor determines the number of necessary procedures for each patient, depending on the degree of damage/changes on the skin surface and treatment area.

Characteristics of the recovery period

The beautician performing the operation is obliged to tell the patient the skin care rules after laser treatment in detail.

During the recovery period, the following precautions need to be observed:

  • Do not sleep face down for 5 days after the operation-that is, sleep on your stomach. During the same period, a moisturizer containing panthenol should be applied to the treated skin 3 times a day.
  • Avoid direct sunlight for 2 months after the operation, and make sure to apply high SPF sunscreen on the skin.
  • Stop smoking because it will slow down the process of tissue repair and regeneration.