Laser facial treatment: a complete overview

Laser beauty is one of the most popular areas in the field of hardware facial care. What is laser skin rejuvenation? What procedures exist and what types of lasers are used in cosmetology? How to properly care for the skin after using laser? We analyze all the details.

Features of laser beauty

First, let us figure out what laser facial rejuvenation is and how it differs from other types of cosmetic interventions. As you might guess from the name, a distinctive feature of the entire program group is the use of lasers-a device that uses the thinnest, narrowly directed beam to act on the skin.

Cosmetic lasers used to rejuvenate facial skin can have different powers, light wavelengths, pulse frequencies, and penetration depths. . . However, their principle of action is the same: the laser heats and evaporates certain skin layers, thereby triggering deep layersRenewal process and skin repair.

Laser skin rejuvenation can be said to be an effective alternative to plastic surgery. Laser treatment at the cellular level will trigger the skin's regeneration process and contribute to the overall firming and rejuvenating effect-without surgery, allowing you to get the most natural results.

Indications for laser skin rejuvenation

Indications for laser skin rejuvenation

Laser facial beauty is suitable for solving a wide range of problems:

  • The obvious signs of skin aging: loss of tone, sagging, sagging, wrinkles and the appearance of age spots;
  • Uneven skin relief: the existence of scars, scars, and acne marks;
  • Slight tissue sagging (moderate ptosis) and blurred facial contours;
  • Skin defects: enlarged pores, blood vessel network, imitating wrinkles.

At the same time, there are not so many contraindications for laser surgery:

  • Chronic diseases, especially in the worsening stage (it is best to find the exact list from the beautician when choosing a specific operation);
  • Pregnancy and lactation;
  • Inflammation and/or infection process in the planned treatment area (including acute acne);
  • Increasing tendency of the skin to form scars (consult a beautician).

Types of lasers in beauty

There are several types of laser classification: depending on wavelength, radiation spectrum, operation method and other parameters. To avoid confusion in terms, let's take a look at the most popular types of lasers in beauty.

Erbium Laser

Erbium lasers have short-wavelength light and are used in so-called "cold" laser treatments. It has a very mild effect on the skin, acting on the upper layer of the epidermis. In terms of cosmetics, the use of erbium laser is considered to have the least trauma to the skin and does not actually cause the risk of burns.

CO2 laser

Carbon dioxide laser (carboxylic acid, CO2 laser) has a much longer wavelength than erbium. It is used in cosmetics to trigger the synthesis of collagen and elastin in the deep layers of the skin. At the same time, it is important to understand that using CO2 lasers for more laser skin resurfacing means a longer recovery period and requires specialists performing the procedure to have special skills.

Neodymium laser

Neodymium lasers are also used in cosmetics to deeply affect facial skin. It is not only suitable for anti-aging procedures, but also for removing scars, scars, vascular networks, tattoos and permanent makeup. For people with a low pain sensitivity threshold, the process of using it may be a little painful.

Beauty ablation

Ablative laser skin rejuvenation

We decided to include this complicated part in order to give you a brief introduction to how to irradiate the skin with laser light. Understanding these terms will help you better understand the advice of the beautician and make an informed choice of the type of surgery.

Non-exfoliative rejuvenation

The non-ablative method is to slightly heat the tissue, which does not mean damage to the skin surface. It is used to combat minor signs of aging, superficial pigmentation and fatigue of facial skin. Its advantages include fairly quick recovery, conditional disadvantages-cumulative effects and the need to perform a series of procedures.

Burning rejuvenation

The ablation method means that the high temperature has a uniform and continuous effect on the skin surface (the same "layer evaporation"), which affects the epidermis and dermis. It is used to correct obvious signs of age, smooth wrinkles, stretch marks and scars, eliminate hyperpigmentation, and combat sagging and sagging skin. This "laser lift" requires a long recovery period, but it can achieve results comparable to plastic surgery.

Dot matrix rejuvenation

The fractional effect of laser light involves scattering the laser beam into a large number of microbeams. This allows you not to treat the entire skin area as a whole, but to treat the small areas as a whole-this is a softer and less traumatic effect on the skin. Today, partial rejuvenation is considered the "gold standard" of beauty. Unlike classic ablation, it does not require such a long recovery period and rarely leads to the formation of itchy crusts.

4 popular laser facial treatments

What is laser skin resurfacing? How is it different from laser peeling? Why do we need laser photorejuvenation? When to use laser for biological regeneration? We will tell you the most popular laser surgery.

Facial laser exfoliation

Classic laser exfoliation is superficial-it only affects the upper layer of the epidermis. It is recommended for minor age-related changes, to correct hyperpigmentation and freckles, to even out skin tone and relieve overall. It helps to eliminate skin dullness and major loss of elasticity, and is usually not used to combat the visible signs of skin aging.

Facial laser resurfacing

In fact, facial resurfacing is the same as laser exfoliation, only the depth of the effect. If it is performed on the upper layer of the skin in the classic peeling process, the laser resurfacing of the facial skin will also affect the deep dermal structure and the basic elastin-collagen framework.

Laser skin resurfacing is used to remove small scars and scars, combat obvious age-related changes (deep wrinkles and folds of the skin), eliminate moderate sagging, correct facial relief and tone, remove vascular networks and reduce pores.

Laser Rejuvenation

Laser bioactivation is one of the most effective methods of using laser radiation to fill the skin with hyaluronic acid. During the operation, a special gel containing hyaluronic acid is applied to the skin. Under the influence of the laser beam, its components penetrate deep into the dermis to provide dense moisture saturation for the skin and stimulate the skin to synthesize its own collagen and elastin.

Laser photorejuvenation

Photorejuvenation is the use of laser equipment to treat the skin with high-intensity radiation for a short period of time. Laser photorejuvenation is a non-ablative surgery that is suitable for the treatment of initial to moderate changes in skin conditions. It is also recommended for deep cleansing of the skin and fighting against the network of blood vessels.

Rehabilitation after laser surgery: an overview of funding

Antioxidant essence

What is included:

  • 15% L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
  • 1% α-tocopherol (vitamin E);
  • 0. 5% ferulic acid.

How it is used for laser surgery:

In the preparation phase, the use of anti-oxidant essence helps to strengthen the protective properties of the skin, prevent the negative effects of free radicals on it, and prepare the skin for laser action.

Immediately after the operation, due to the action of laser radiation, vitamin C actively penetrates into skin cells and the complex work of all components of serum begins. This helps reduce possible side effects, reduces the incidence of unnecessary skin reactions, and reduces postoperative inflammation.

In home care, it helps shorten the recovery period and permanently consolidate the results of laser surgery. The effect of the serum further reduces hyperpigmentation and improves skin texture. In addition, the serum enhances the synthesis of the main structural proteins of the skin and prolongs the effect of laser action.

Repair cream

what is inside:

  • 2% Ceramide I and III;
  • 4% cholesterol;
  • 2% omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

How it is used for laser surgery:

After the operation, the repair lipid supplement cream is used together with the serum. It helps restore the skin's water-fat balance, reduces water loss and supports the restoration of skin firmness and elasticity.

Moisturizing and Soothing Essence

What is included:

  • Hyaluronic acid
  • Thyme leaf extract;
  • Olive leaf extract.

How it is used for laser surgery:

After surgery and home care, use moisturizing and soothing serums to reduce skin reactions (redness, inflammation) that may be caused by laser treatment. Powerful plant extracts help accelerate skin regeneration and strengthen its protective barrier. Serum gel helps to soothe the skin damaged by the laser and consolidate the therapeutic effect.

It is used immediately after non-ablative and fractional hardware technology. After using the ablation technique, they will start applying it on the face 5-7 days after the operation.

Sunscreen lotion

What is included:

  • 100% mineral filter;
  • Titanium dioxide;
  • Brine shrimp salt marsh (plankton extract).

How it is used in laser surgery:

Exposure to laser light makes the skin extremely sensitive to sunlight (this phenomenon is called photosensitivity). This is why laser surgery is not recommended in summer. However, in other seasons, it is very important to protect the skin from the negative effects of UV rays.

Using sunscreen lotion after treatment and at home helps protect photosensitive skin from the harmful effects of UVA and UVB rays and signs of photoaging. The liquid can be used for makeup, it imparts a pleasant matte effect to the skin and helps even out the skin tone.

Our article specifically discusses laser beauty: what is its purpose, what goals and objectives it solves, and what effect does it have on facial skin. We hope that a detailed review will help you understand this topic and find the most interesting program for yourself!